Brief Discussion on the Application of “Natural Spelling” in Primary School English Teaching
【Abstract】Natural phonics （phonics） to establish the letter and the letter combination and pronunciation of the perception， so that students in a relaxed atmosphere， understanding and learning the English alphabet combination of the secret， mastering English spelling law， so as to see words Read， hear the words will find the purpose of learning. It is the most important feature is the complex pronunciation will be summarized into a regular， simple pronunciation， the English letter and pronunciation linked to solve the students learn English pronunciation difficult problems. As long as the children master these pronunciation rules， and to practice， you can easily see the word pronunciation， listening spelling.
【Key words】natural spelling； primary English teaching； application
1. foreword introduction
According to the current primary school English textbooks， the comparison found that the current textbooks also pay attention to the English word letters， letter combinations pronunciation study， but students can not remember these pronunciation law， the examination can not be applied well， usually in the study of words can not be correct The use of. The reason for these versions of the letter pronunciation of learning materials are isolated， not a complete system. Can not establish the direct relationship between the letter and the natural pronunciation of the letter.
2. an overview of natural spelling
Letter is the name of the letter itself， and the letter A corresponds to a sound. If you pronounce [?] in the word apple， the word sad in the word sad is the name of the letter. In the [s]， the core is the establishment of the English alphabet or combination of letters and their pronunciation one by one between the corresponding relationship， so that students learn to pronounce the alphabet to recognize the reading word， spelling words.
And learn the English alphabet and the pronunciation of English letters， such as a + d = ad， S + ad = sad， c + ake = cake， bl + ack = black， m + ai + l = To understand how the pronunciation of the word comes from， but also how linked together. Will understand the pronunciation of the word structure， so students can read the word to see， hear the word will be able to write.
3. The Superiority of Natural Spelling
Practice teaching in natural spelling has the following advantages：
（a） to avoid the international phonetic stiff， difficult to grasp
In addition， the concentration of primary school students is generally weaker than that of middle school students. Boring phonetic learning will discourage their interest in learning. The development of primary school students mental level is generally lower than that of middle school students. For primary school students， the phonetic teaching is a new set of knowledge systems， the requirements of students than the existing capacity， easy to create new learning difficulties. Eliminate the enthusiasm of students to learn English.
（b） to improve students spelling words， memory words， the use of word efficiency Natural spelling of the master， can improve students spelling words， memory words， the use of word efficiency， increased student learning， weakening the difficulty of students learning words. See the new word with the learned spelling of the rules to spell the word， memory words， you can. Do see can read， hear can write effect.
（c） Can bring the language of other skills to learn .The use of natural spelling can lead the other skills of language learning， listening， speaking， reading and writing skills were originally one of the four， reading and writing ability to stimulate the development of listening and speaking ability. The development of these four skills can promote the English sentence， the master of the article to further enhance the students sense of English language.
4. The Teaching of Phonetic Rules in Natural English Teaching Class
The pronunciation rule of natural spelling in primary English teaching can be divided into five stages.
（A） the first phase of the pronunciation of English letters learning
Phonics chant to let students have a preliminary perception， with the initial perception， learning the pronunciation of words combined with word learning .Such as
A a Its an ant！
Aa ant apple angry alligator
（B） the second phase of the letter and the pronunciation of articulation between the study To establish the direct relationship between the letter and the natural pronunciation of letters， the success of spelling vowel + consonants， consonants + vowel + consonant spelling. Such as a + d = ad， S + ad = sad，
（C） the third stage of the five vowels pronunciation of learning Learn the pronunciation of five vowels. Learn the spelling of five long vowels like C + ake = cake . At the same time pay attention to distinguish the second stage consonants + vowel + consonant teaching. Such as tap → tape cub → cube
（D） the fourth phase of two consonants pronunciation of pronunciation learning.
e.g. b+l=bl nt
（E） the fifth stage of two vowels pronunciation study
ay d+ay=day ea S+ea=sea
（F） each stage of pronunciation teaching can be combined with the following ways to practice
（1） combined with pictures using pronunciation rules for listening， reading， writing new words of teaching.
（2） the use of letter or letter combination of pronunciation rules to complete the following words.
（3） from the word you choose to hear the word
（4） the use of letter combination pronunciation according to the picture to write the word you learned
（5） to provide sentences and drawings， matching exercises， practice English sense
（6） the use of the word experience the use of the story
5. concluding remarks
Students in the beginning of learning English on the establishment of English letters on behalf of the pronunciation of the concept， and the appropriate practice， so that students encounter new words， you can spelling， which is helpful for students to learn English. While helping to improve their spelling reading ability. However， many English words in the pronunciation of irregular cases such as： have love do so should not be too much emphasis on the regularity of the pronunciation of the letter. So as not to mislead the students， to enable students to realize that natural spelling is only aids voice teaching， and can not use it to solve all the pronunciation problems.
Liang Yue Ting，primary English vocabulary teaching the introduction of Phonics teaching practice，primary and secondary school foreign language teaching（primary）2012 the twelfth.
English Curriculum Standards Development Group，“English Curriculum Standards Interpretation”，Beijing Normal University Press，2013 first edition.
Yang Weijun，“English pronunciation teaching manual”， Shaanxi peoples publishing house，2014.
Natural spelling teaching section，www.hkedcity.net.