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急救,善举拯救生命

2024-05-15本刊试题研究中心

疯狂英语·读写版 2024年4期
关键词:单句每题空白处

本刊试题研究中心

第一部分 语言基础(共两节,满分30 分)

第一节 单句填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

1. Make the patient as comfortable as possible, and___________(loose) any tight clothing.

2. Only a___________(minor) of the class voted for the plan.

3. Your ankle is badly___________(swell). I think you'd better go to see the doctor.

4. The party has become deeply___________(nerve) about its prospects of winning the next election.

5. There are things you can do before an interview to put you___________ease.

6. I am afraid you have not realized the___________(urgent) of the matter.

7. When the clerk saw a kind face wrinkled in an apologetic smile, she stood rooted to the ground,___________(wonder) whether to stay or leave.

8. Like ancient sailors, birds can find their way___________(use) the sun and the stars.

9. There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland,

___________(stare) at the night sky.

10. There's a note pinned to the door___________(say) when the shop will open again.

11.___________(understand) your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions.

12. The sunlight is white and blinding,___________(throw) hardedged shadows on the ground.

13.___________(eat) at the cafeteria before, Tina didn't want to eat there again.

14. After a long absence, I went back to college,___________(hope) to pick up where I'd left off.

15. Standing on the top of the mountain is an ancient tower___________(date) back two hundred years.

第二節 完成句子(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

1. 如你所想,我面临着许多挑战和障碍。(as)

_____________________, I was faced with many challenges and obstacles.

2. 运动对身体的好处可以分为三个方面。(divide)

The physical benefits of exercise can_____________________.

3. 如果有必要的话,你可以在演讲时参考你的笔记。(if的省略用法)

_____________________, you may refer to your notes while making a speech.

4. 建成这座体育馆将需要一年的时间。(complete)

It will take a year_____________________.

5. 中国修建了更多的公路,使人们更容易从一个地方到另一个地方旅行。(现在分词短语作结果状语)

More highways have been built in China,_____________________.

6. 看到考试的结果,我激动得说不出话来。(so...that...)

Seeing the result of the exam,_____________________.

7. 我渴望有机会成为一名志愿者。我的确希望您能给我这个宝贵的机会。(desperate)

_____________________, I do hope you can offer me the precious opportunity.

8. 打篮球时这个男孩的腿受伤了,但是他挣扎着站了起来。(feet)

While playing basketball, the boy's leg got injured,_____________________.

9. 影響我们一生的不是我们一时所做的事,而是我们一直在做的事。(强调句)

_____________________, but what we do consistently.

10. 除非你们面对面地彼此交流,否则你们之间的误会不会消除。(unless)

The misunderstanding between you won't be settled_____________________.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50 分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Emergencies can happen anytime, so being prepared for a home firstaidkit is importantfor your family. Having a proper one in your home is an easy but necessary part of goodemergency preparation.

Pick a good container

One good choice is a large translucent plastic container, which makes it easy to seethe materials inside. Lunch boxes are also another good choice. Basically, if it's bigenough, portable, and at least somewhat waterresistant,it can make a good container. Regardlessof your container choice, it should be easy to recognize, so write“ FIRST AID” onit with a marker.

Make your kit safely accessible

When your child is crying about a“ booboo”on his/her knee, you don't want yourhome kit buried on the back of a closet or lost because it's not being returned to the samespot after each use.

Teach your family the kit

For younger children who shouldn't use the items in the kit, teach them where it's located,so they could show a visitor, a relative or a babysitter to it. For older children andadults, instruct them in how to use the items in it. Use a firstaidinstruction booklet, likethose available from the American Red Cross for guidance and place a booklet in the kit forreference.

Keep your kit up?to?date

No one wants to fetch a firstaidkit and find the bandage box empty or the pain relieversexpired( 过期). Keep track of supply amounts and expiration dates regularly.

Create a checklist in the kit

Record every item on a sheet of paper and keep it in the kit. Besides, record theamounts of the items and expiration dates next to the listed items on the checklist that youinclude in your kit. In this way, anyone who wants to reach the kit can immediately knowwhat it includes and doesn't include. Also, they can be clear whether the items can be used.

1. Which is close to the meaning of the underlined word“ translucent”?

A. Wide. B. Advanced. C. Clear. D. Strong.

2. What should the young children be told about the home firstaid kit?

A. How to use the items. B. What it contains.

C. Where it is placed. D. When to fetch it.

3. Why should the home firstaid

kit be examined regularly?

A. To make it clean and tidy. B. To make sure it's available.

C. To be familiar with the items. D. To learn to deal with emergencies.

B

In many films, when the owner is in trouble, his or her beloved dog would run home toseek help without fail. Yet, while this image has become an unforgettable part of our popculture, few people knew that the same sort of response applied to service dogs.

Once a blind man fell flat on his face, which was awful but finally harmless. His servicedog, however, was trained to get an adult if the owner had a seizure (癲痫), and it wassure that this was a seizure. However, while the dog did what it was taught, the woman itfound was merely annoyed but not alarmed. Thankfully, the dog's owner was not in the situationof a medical emergency. However, the experience inspired him to share this informationon social media.“ If a service dog without a person approaches you, it means the personis down and in need of help,” the owner explained. “Don't get scared, don't getannoyed and follow the dog! If the first person doesn't cooperate, it moves on.”

Referring to the accident, a TV presenter asked a dog trainer, Olivia, some basic questionsabout service dogs, including how humans should react if an unaccompanied servicedog approaches them.

“What they're going to do is sniff and gently push your leg,” the trainer explained,specifically noting that service dogs are not usually trained to jump or bark.“ If you see adog in a vest without a person around it, follow it.” When asked if one should say somethingto indicate they're prepared to follow the dog, Olivia said there's no clear command.“The spoken language is not going to be a secret password,” she said. “You can say,‘What?' or‘ Where? or just start walking wherever the dog leads.”

Olivia concluded the TV show by adding that those who rely on service dogs can traintheir companion to move along to someone else, if the first person the dogs come uponreacted negatively to their request. Doing so could finally save the owner's life.

4. What do we know about service dogs?

A. They can't understand others' spoken language.

B. They often make people annoyed.

C. They are seldom known by most people.

D. They only exist in the pop culture.

5. In the owner's emergency, a service dog will generally .

A. run home for help from families

B. ask the nearby person for help

C. jump or bark to draw humans' notice

D. stay beside the owner until he or she recovers

6. How should people react to a separate service dog?

A. Follow it to anywhere it leads.

B. Communicate with it through commands.

C. Keep it home until finding its owner.

D. Take it to the nearest police station.

7. What is the author's purpose of sharing the story?

A. To encourage everyone to help disabled people.

B. To introduce a talk show about service dogs.

C. To teach how to train service dogs well.

D. To spread the knowledge of dealing with service dogs.

C

Battling freezing temperatures, total darkness, and other dangerous flying conditions,a plane left the South Pole on Wednesday after rescuing a sick worker from a US researchbase. After the patient and flight crew rested, the plane made its way to South America,where the patient received medical care.

The daring rescue mission began last week when two planes flew from Canada to Rothera,a British base on the Antarctic Peninsula. On Tuesday, just one of the planes left Rotheraon a 10hourtrip to the AmundsenScottSouth Pole Station, where the sick workerwas located.

The station is usually unreachable during Antarctica's long winter, from February toOctober. Fortyeightpeople live at the base, including a doctor and a physician's assistant.But when the crew there determined the worker needed medical help that couldn't beprovided on site, the emergency rescue mission began.

A small crew, including a pilot, a copilot,a medical worker and a flight engineer,made the 1500miletrip from Rothera in a Twin Otter plane. It is the only type of plane capableof flying in Antarctica's winter cold. It can operate in temperatures as low as minus103. The temperature in the South Pole on Tuesday was minus 73. In such condition, an aircraft's fuel and even its batteries need to be warmed up before it can take off.

The pitchblackskies, the threat of high winds and sudden weather changes makesuch flights extremely risky and rare. This rescue is only the third time an emergency missionhas been made to the research base since 1999. The National Science Foundation,which runs the station, has not said who was rescued, or the medical condition of theperson. The names of the crew members who made the daring flight have not been madepublic either. But according to Peter West, a National Science Foundation spokesman, themission“ went all according to plan”.

8. Why did the plane fly to the AmundsenScott South Pole Station?

A. To do scientific research.

B. To transport medicine.

C. To rescue a sick worker.

D. To supply necessities.

9. What do we know about the AmundsenScott South Pole Station?

A. It is a British research base.

B. It is a US research base.

C. It is ten hours' flight away from Canada.

D. It is a medical centre on the Antarctic Peninsula.

10. What can we infer from paragraph 3?

A. The doctor there is not experienced.

B. The base lacks medicine.

C. The patient asked to be taken back.

D. The patient was seriously ill.

11. What could be the best title for the text?

A. A daring rescue

B. An interesting flight

C. Flying to the Antarctic

D. The patient receives medical care

D

First aid is emergency care for a victim of sudden illness or injury until more skillfulmedical treatment is available. First aid may save a life or improve certain vital signs includingpulse, temperature, a clear airway and breathing. In minor emergencies, first aidmay prevent a victim's condition from worsening and provide relief from pain. First aidmust be given as quickly as possible. In the case of the serious injured, a few minutes canmake the difference between complete recovery and loss of life.

Firstaidmeasures depend upon victims' needs and providers' level of knowledge andskills. Knowing what not to do in an emergency is as important as knowing what to do. Improperlymoving a person with a neck injury, for example, can lead to permanent spinal (脊柱的) injury.

Despite the variety of injuries possible, several basic rules of first aid apply to allemergencies. The first step is to call for professional medical help. The victim, if conscious(有意識的), should be reassured that medical aid has been requested and ask for permissionto provide any first aid. Next, assess (评估) the scene, asking other people or the injuredperson's family or friends about details of the injury or illness. The victim should bechecked for the medical card that describes special medical conditions. Unless the accidentscene becomes unsafe or the victim may suffer further injury, do not move the victim.

First aid requires rapid assessment of victims to determine whether lifethreateningconditions exist. One method for assessing a victim's condition is known as ABC, whichstands for:

A—Airway: Is it open and clear?

B—Breathing: Is the person breathing? Look, listen and feel for breathing.

C—Circulation: Is there a pulse? Is the person bleeding extremely? Check skin color and temperature for additional signs of circulation problems.

12. How can first aid help victims?

A. By sending them to the hospital.

B. By providing a surgery for them.

C. By avoiding their sudden illnesses or injuries.

D. By preventing their condition from worsening.

13. What does the author want to tell in paragraph 2?

A. Providers' firstaid

knowledge and skills are very important.

B. Knowing what not to do is more important than other skills.

C. First aid should follow the victims' words first.

D. A neck injury is a very serious illness.

14. What can we learn about ABC?

A. It is a firstaid brochure.

B. It is a kind of assessment method.

C. Circulation stands for checking the things of victims.

D. Airway means air environment around victims.

15. What is the best title for the text?

A. Various emergencies calling for first aid

B. The importance of first aid

C. Some basic knowledge about first aid

D. The history and development of first aid

第二節 (共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Floods can strike quickly and with little warning in many parts of the world. Survivinga flood is a combination of preparation and appropriate action as soon as the disasterbegins.16

Make a f lood survival plan.

17Pick several meeting spots in case you need to leave home, such as a friend'shome in a safe town or a shelter in your area. Make sure everyone in the family knowswhere these locations are and how to get there through high ground.

Escape f lood waters.

When emergency services tell you to leave, listen to their instructions. You may haveonly a short time to escape, so act quickly, using your planned route.

Move to higher ground away from water. Whether you are on foot or have to abandonyour car, higher ground is your best option. If you're stuck at home, head for the roof if youcan do so safely.

Avoid crossing through water. Water up to your ankles is enough to be dangerous.When you're in doubt about the water depth, don't risk it.18Use it to measure thewater's depth and feel for stable ground.

Follow news and warning.

Flooding information can be found on your local news or weather stations TV channelor website.19Or, listen to local radio stations for regular updates.

20

On the way home, watch out for damaged areas. Stay off bridges. The soil under usualroutes will be muddy and less able to support the weight of vehicles. Find alternate routesover high ground or wait for the authorities to indicate which roads are safe.

A. Return home after a flood.

B. Protect your home during a flood.

C. If you have to go through water, bring a stick.

D. Sit down with your family to establish a plan of action.

E. You should tune in to monitor changes in the weather.

F. If your car gets stuck in water, open or break the windows.

G. Here are some tips to help you and your family survive a flood.

第三部分 語言运用(共两节,满分30 分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A tenyearoldboy saved his mother from choking on a pork scratching (炸猪皮) after 21the Heimlich manoeuvre at a school demonstration just days before.

Dom Hollinshead used the22he learned in school after the snack got23inhis mother Lisa's airway while she was watching TV alone. She was left gasping (喘气) forair.24Dom found his mother in distress (痛苦) after leaving his bedroom at 10 pm tofind his hat.

Ms Hollinshead, 44, said,“ I was in absolute25 —I couldn't make a noise or shout for help. It was a26feeling. I couldn't even get any air through my nose. I trieddislodging (取出) it by coughing, then I tried to get some water but it didn't27 . I justcouldnt catch my28 . But Dom ran down and gave me four massive Heimlich manoeuvres.When it came up, I started crying. I was lying on the floor laughing, crying andhugging him—he29my life.”

And the youngster did so by using skills she had no idea he had. Volunteers from StJohn's Ambulance had been visiting the school to give a(n)30to pupils.31 , thelesson stuck with Dom.“ I did the Heimlich manoeuvre on her stomach and it32cameout,” said the boy.

Ms Hollinshead said,“ He is my33 . It just goes to show what a(n)34job StJohn's Ambulance does. Someone, somewhere, someday will try and nip it in the bud (防患于未然) by saying first aid costs too much but it clearly saves35 .”

21. A. attempting B. completing C. performing D. learning

22. A. tricks B. skills C. experiences D. principles

23. A. stuck B. lost C. spread D. divided

24. A. Sportsloving

B. Hardworking

C. Quickthinking

D. Selfsupporting

25. A. power B. panic C. control D. shock

26. A. horrible B. strange C. different D. general

27. A. fail B. stop C. matter D. work

28. A. arm B. breath C. soul D. balance

29. A. shaped B. risked C. changed D. saved

30. A. suggestion B. test C. demonstration D. example

31. A. Regretfully B. Gradually C. Thankfully D. Hopefully

32. A. eventually B. hardly C. nearly D. possibly

33. A. partner B. assistant C. witness D. hero

34. A. interesting B. amazing C. unique D. routine

35. A. efforts B. space C. lives D. time

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Starting in 2013, Alpine Rescue Team has been dedicated to mountain rescue in theUnited States. The team believes that all humanitarian wilderness searchandrescue efforts, statewide, should be free to any individual. To postpone a callforhelpbecause of financialconcerns could cost 36._________life.

Alpine Rescue Team is the only 37._________(national) recognized mountain rescueteam in Colorado. It is one of only thirteen 38._________(profession) mountain rescueteams in the state of Colorado which is fully accredited (官方认可) by the Mountain RescueAssociation, an international organization of teams 39._________(specialize) in mountainsearch and rescue and safety education.

Alpine Rescue Team 40._________(member) are highly trained nonpaidrescuemountaineers41._________(base) in Evergreen, Colorado.

The team relies 42._________the generous contributions of the community43._________(perform) its mission of saving lives through mountain rescue and safety education.We'd like to thank all of the individuals 44._________have contributed over theyears and offer a special 45._________(acknowledge) to those sponsors that help Alpineperform its mission and help to keep mountain rescue free of charge.

第四部分 寫作(共两节,满分40 分)

第一节 (满分15分)

假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友凯文发来邮件询问你校急救活动的开展情况。请你用英语给他回一封邮件,内容包括:

1. 写邮件的目的;

2. 活动开展的情况。

注意:

1. 词数80左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Kevin,_____________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

第二节 (满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

A midnight rescue

It was not uncommon to carry out tasks at night as rescuers. Harry and David were informedof their task when it was nearly midnight. It was urgent, so there was no time to hesitate.They headed into the forest.

The forest was black and silent. A little way into it they reached a fork in the earthpath. Harry and David took the left path. They walked in silence, their eyes on the ground,watching out for the traps like big pits (坑) set by the illegal hunters. Every now and then aray of moonlight through the branches above lit a spot of scarlet (猩紅的) blood on thefallen leaves.

David saw that Harry looked very worried, asking, “Could Unicorn be hurt thatbadly?” Harry answered,“ If we can't find it as soon as possible, it doesnt stand muchchance to survive.” Of course, Unicorn was not the animal in fairy tales but the nickname ofa 3yearoldelephant, the last wild elephant in this forest. The nickname was given by thebiodiversity rescuers who were protecting every member in this forest. They knew Unicornwas obedient and not afraid of human beings and that sometimes put it in danger.“ Withoutit, the forest was not complete. Those illegal hunters should be thrown into prison,” Harrythought, carrying his firstaidkit on his back and walking forward with his flashlight.

It seemed that thick fog would come at any time, which would increase the danger.Harry hurried into the heart of the forest with David. They walked for nearly half an hour,deeper and deeper. There were blood splashes (血迹) on the roots of a tree, as though thepoor creature had been struggling around in pain close by“. We must hurry up,” said Harry.

注意:续写词数应为150左右。

Paragraph 1:

However, it was really not easy for them to find it.______________________

Paragraph 2:

Without delay, Harry knelt down to do first aid on its wound with David holding the flashlight.______________

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