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2024年高考语法填空模拟强训

2024-05-14本刊试题研究中心

疯狂英语·爱英语 2024年3期
关键词:羊皮泥人语法

本刊试题研究中心

Task 1

In Diaoyu Town, a special tour was conducted recently with a focus on damaged walls,old stones and ordinary?looking locations, rather than the photogenic spots 1. __________(normal) favored by tourists.

Ten people from four 2.__________(family) were invited to the new archaeology?themedstudy tour, 3. __________was organized by Chongqing's Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology.The tour was designed 4. __________(bring) the cultural relics more vitality (生機) and develop the interest of participants in studying history and archaeology.5.__________(office) data shows that Chongqing has about 26,000 immovable cultural relicsand over 1.48 million movable ones. By the end of 2021, there had been about 108 millionstate?owned cultural relics. 6.__________total number of world heritage sites in China hasreached 56, 7.__________(rank) second in the world.

Other than the study tour, Chongqing has promoted the charm of history and culture,such as opening the countrys first archaeology?themed café 8.__________starting an immersive(拟真的) and theatrical experience in a historic structure.

Chongqing 9.__________(bring) 10 more historical sites into the range of archaeologicaltourism in the future. These tourist attractions 10.__________(expect) to inspire theinterest of teenagers in history and archaeological culture.

Task 2

The Amazon River surprisingly has no bridges when 1. __________(compare) with someof the worlds other most recognizable rivers. There are about nine bridges over the NileRiver in Cairo alone. More than 100 bridges 2.__________(complete) in the last 30 yearsacross the Yangtze River. While Europe[s Danube River is only one?third as long as theAmazon River, 3. __________has 133 bridge crossings. So what's the deal with the AmazonRiver?

The Amazon River 4._________(flow) through areas that are barely populated,meaning there are very few major roads for any bridge to connect to. And in cities andtowns 5._________border rivers, ferries are 6. _________established means of movinggoods and people from bank to bank, meaning there is no real need for bridges 7._________(build), other than to make trips a bit quicker.

Besides, the Amazon River is far 8._________an ideal location for bridge builders, asit has a large number of natural blocks that would need to be conquered by engineers andconstruction workers. Additionally, the changing positions of the rivers course through theseasons, with great differences in water 9. _________(deep), would make the constructionextremely 10._________(demand).

Task 3

China is a big country with many dialects. However, in recent years, the preservationof Chinese dialects 1. _________(become) a subject of concern due to various factors.

Chinese dialects represent a 2._________(value) aspect of the worlds linguistic (语言的) diversity. Protecting these dialects 3._________(be) crucial not only for preservingChina's diverse cultural heritage but also for maintaining global linguistic richness. Just4._________biodiversity is essential for the ecosystem, linguistic diversity is essential forthe cultural fabric of our society.

Chinese dialects carry 5._________them the wisdom, traditions and unique expressionsof local communities. By safeguarding these dialects, we preserve a window into Chinesehistory, custom and local knowledge, 6._________(contribute) to a more comprehensiveunderstanding of China.

In the digital age, using technology can aid in the preservation of dialects. Effortsshould 7. _________(make) to digitally record specific vocabularies, phrases and stories indialect. The development of dialect?focused applications and online platforms can facilitatethe learning and communication among dialect 8._________(lover) across China.

Preserving Chinese dialects is not 9._________(mere) about protecting a linguistic system;it is about safeguarding China's cultural heritage and showcasing China's linguisticand cultural diversity. By recognizing 10._________importance of Chinese dialects andadopting the right strategies, we can ensure that China's rich linguistic system continues tothrive (繁榮).

Task 4

The 40th Weifang International Kite Festival, kicking off in Weifang, had drawn kitefanciers from China and beyond. The main activities of the festival, 1._______includecompetition for kite making, flying and fighting, were scheduled.

The festival, 2._______(feature) a series of kites in various shapes and sizes rangingfrom a huge insect to a 50?carriage high?speed train, has become one of the most3._______(impress) international events 4. _______(hold) in China since it started thereform and opening up in the late 1970s.

According to the organizers, more than 600 kite enthusiasts from 59 countries and regionsare attending this year's festival.“ Weifang is 5._______(extreme) famous amongkite lovers around the world,” said Stanislav Kolbintsev from Russia, who was seen with6._______giant bird?shaped kite. Amazed by the huge public passion for the sport, hesaid he hopes to visit more Chinese cities 7._______(fly) kites.“ I've loved flying kitessince I was a child. Flying kites has many good 8._______(mean) in India,” said ArindamAdhikary, an Indian.

The first Weifang International Kite Festival was held in 1984. Known as the“ capitalof kites”, Weifang has a long history of kite making, 9._______some records suggestingthe first wooden kite 10._______(invent) there during the Spring and Autumn periodmore than 2000 years ago.

Task 5

Huishan clay figurines (泥人) are produced in the western suburb of Wuxi, JiangsuProvince, and are one of China's most famous folk arts, having a history 1. _______(stretch) back over a thousand years.

The craft originated in the Southern Dynasties and reached 2. _______(it) peak inthe Qing Dynasty. During the Qing, an artist made five clay figurines for Emperor Qianlongand 3._______(reward) with high praise from the royal family.

Huishan clay figurines differ from those of other localities in that they are alwayssmall and always feature a big head. They are divided into two types—mold?pressed andhand?crafted. The 4._______(cheap), molded figures often serve as children's toys, whilethe hand?crafted pieces are more refined and original.

The characters depicted (描绘) come 5._________(large) from legends and Chineseopera plots. Da A Fu, a plump (微胖的) boy holding a fish, is the most popular figure inHuishan clay art. The legend 6._________(go) that long, long ago, a god, disguised as a boy,beat a fierce lion 7._________saved the children in Huishan.

8._________(express) appreciation, local people started to make clay figures of theirboy savior Da A Fu. One?third of the overall figure is taken up by Da A Fu's large head,9._________a face round as a full moon and big ears reaching down to his shoulders. It is10._________ image implying happiness and good fortune.

Task 6

The sheepskin raft (羊皮筏), the oldest means of transportation along the YellowRiver, has a history of nearly 2000 years. The airbag of the raft is made of 1._________whole sheepskin and goes through many processes including heating to remove hair,soaking in salty oil, sewing, drying 2._________blowing. Then the airbag 3._________(fasten)to a wooden stand, enabling its use for transporting people and goods across the water.

It is said that the largest sheepskin raft in old times 4._________(consist) of more than600 sheepskin airbags, with an impressive length of 22 meters and a 5._________(wide) of7 meters. It was capable of carrying around 30 tons of goods and drifting over 200 kilometersin one day.

In the early 20th century, before the 1950s, 6._________railways were not yet inoperation and road traffic was 7._________(convenient), the sheepskin raft served as themost important means of transportation for residents 8._________(live) along the YellowRiver.

However, with the rapid development of society, the sheepskin raft has largely playedits historical role 9. _________transporting people and goods. Nowadays, it can only befound along the banks of the Yellow River in some cities in Gansu Province. It has becomea tool for people 10._________(do) some sightseeing on the Yellow River.

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