Long fishing ban improves biodiversity in Yangtze River“十年禁渔”开启长江生态新篇章


疯狂英语·爱英语 2024年3期



1 In the scorching summer sun, 65?year?old photographerYang He patiently awaits at the bank of the YangtzeRiver in Yichang City of central Chinas Hubei Provinceevery noon to capture finless porpoises (江豚) with hiscamera.

2 Yang said that finless porpoises are a reminder of hischildhood.“ I have vivid memories of playing by the riverbank and witnessing herds offinless porpoises playing in the water,” recalled Yang, adding that as human activity increasedin the Yichang section of the Yangtze River over the years, it became increasinglychallenging to catch sight of these magnificent mammals. Known as the“ giantpanda of the water”, the Yangtze finless porpoise is under top?level state protectionand serves as a symbol of the Yangtze River ecology.

3 To restore the biodiversity along the river, China imposed a full fishing ban in 332areas of the Yangtze River basin in January 2020. The move has since been expandedto a 10?year ban along the rivers main streams and major branches. The fishing banand removal of the big polluters have improved biodiversity in the Yangtze River. The species has been more frequently spotted in Poyang Lake, Dongting Lake, and themiddle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

4 “Back in 2017, capturing even a single photograph of finless porpoises in Yichangthroughout the entire year was a challenge,” said Yang.“ However, things took a turn in2020 as more sightings of finless porpoises began to be reported. Once I saw a pod offive or six of them and tirelessly searched along the river for months until I eventuallydiscovered that they had settled in Dianjun District. Now I can put my hand on myheart and say that I can capture finless porpoises with my camera every day.”

5 Other bioresources in the key waters of the Yangtze River have also seen a recovery.According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, in 2022, 193 varieties offish were spotted in these waters, marking an increase of 25 varieties from 2020.



1. When did the 10?year fishing ban formally start?

A. In 2017.

B. In 2020.

C. In 2021.

D. In 2022.

2. What caused the terrible situation of finless porpoises according to


A. Climate change.

B. Natural enemies.

C. Human activity.

D. Water pollution.

3. What can be concluded about the 10?year fishing ban from paragraph 3?

A. It has so far proved very effective.

B. It is restricted to the Yangtze River basin.

C. Its intended to protect finless porpoises.

D. Its carried out in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

4. Why did Yang once search along the Yangtze River for months?

A. To discover more fish species.

B. To discover finless porpoises.

C. To report on biodiversity along the river.

D. To rescue a family of finless porpoises.



Ⅰ. Difficult sentence in the text

Once I saw a pod of five or six of them and tirelessly searched along the river formonths until I eventually discovered that they had settled in Dianjun District. 一次,我发现了一个由五六只个体组成的江豚群,我不知疲倦地沿江搜寻了好几个月,最后才发现它们定居在点军区。


Ⅱ. Text?centered chunks

catch sight of 看见;瞥见

be known as 作为……而出名

serve as 充当……

take a turn 发生转变


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