APP下载

Classified TrainingⅠ分类训练一

2023-09-05

时代英语·高一 2023年8期
关键词:成員旅伴糯米饭

(十)

閱读理解

A

There is an old saying in China that goes, “The days of the Sanjiu Period are the coldest days.” Sanjiu Period, which is in Minor Cold, refers to the third nine-day period (the 19th to the 27th day) after the day of the Winter Solstice (冬至). There are many different customs related to Minor Cold in China.

Eating hotpot

During Minor Cold people should eat some hot food to benefit the body and defend against the cold weather. Winter is the best time to have hotpot and braised mutton with soy sauce (酱油). But it is important to notice that too much spicy food may cause health problems.

Eating huangyacai

In Tianjin, there is a custom to have huangyacai, a kind of Chinese cabbage, during Minor Cold. There are large amounts of vitamins A and B in huangyacai. As huangyacai is fresh and tender, it is fit for frying, roasting and braising.

Eating glutinous rice (糯米饭)

According to tradition, the Cantonese eat glutinous rice in the morning during Minor Cold. Cantonese people add some fried preserved pork, sausages and peanuts and mix them into the rice.

Eating vegetable rice

In ancient times, people in Nanjing took Minor Cold quite seriously, but as time went by, the celebration of Minor Cold gradually disappeared. However, the custom of eating vegetable rice is still followed today. The rice is steamed (蒸) and is unspeakably delicious. Among the ingredients, aijiaohuang (a kind of green vegetable), sausages and salted duck are the specialties in Nanjing.

1. What do we know about Minor Cold?

A. It lasts twenty-seven days. B. It refers to the Winter Solstice.

C. It marks the first day of winter. D. It includes the Sanjiu Period.

2. What is a special custom in Tianjin during Minor Cold?

A. Eating hotpot. B. Buying cabbages.

C. Having huangyacai. D. Taking vitamin A and B pills.

3. How do the Cantonese eat glutinous rice?

A. They mix it with many other things. B. They steam it with soy sauce.

C. They eat it with salted duck. D. They fry and toast it.

B

Leaving everything behind to go after true happiness takes courage, and Sophie Matterson has enough to go around. The 31-year-old enjoyed a good life in Brisbane, Australia, with a job in the TV and film industry, but it didnt make her heart sing. Thats why she decided to try a different path. Now shes trekking (跋涉) across the continent with five camels—and is the happiest shes ever been!

In 2016, Sophie changed jobs and ended up somewhere she never expected: milking camels on a farm in Queensland.

“What I wasnt anticipating was how much I would end up falling in love with these animals,” she wrote. “What was only going to be a six-month break from my ‘real job turned into five years of running after camels around Australia and other parts of the world.”

After taking tourists on camel treks for a while, Sophie decided to have an adventure of her own. She planned out a 5,000-kilometer trip from Shark Bay to Byron Bay before catching and training five wild camels in January 2019. Then she was finally ready to explore her country with Mac, Delilah, Clayton, Jude and Charlie!

As one might imagine, the trip can be lonely at times, but Sophies camels make surprisingly good companions (旅伴).

“Its quite lovely and relaxing camping with camels,” she said. Best of all, she can see great views!

Sophie hopes to arrive in Byron Bay in the next nine months. In the meantime, shell be enjoying every second with her camel friends.

4. Why did Sophie give up her job in the TV and film industry?

A. She lost interest in it. B. She had no courage to carry on.

C. She had to move to another country. D. She was unwilling to leave things behind.

5. What does the underlined word “anticipating” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Trying. B. Believing. C. Discovering. D. Expecting.

6. Where did Sophie get the camels?

A. From some tourists. B. From some friends. C. From the wild. D. From a farm.

7. What word can best describe Sophie?

A. Organized. B. Adventurous. C. Hard-working. D. Warm-hearted.

C

A new study, conducted by British company Mindlab International, has found that listening to music at work increases accuracy (準确) and speed, The Telegraph reported. Perhaps, some parents disagree with this idea, saying, “Switch off the music and concentrate!” Well, if thats the case with your parents, you might now be able to convince (使相信) them that you have science on your side.

The company gave 26 participants a series of different tasks for five days in a row, including spell checking, mathematical word problems, data entry, and abstract reasoning. The participants completed these tasks while listening to music or no music at all.

The results showed that while music was playing, 88% of participants produced their most accurate test results and 81% completed their fastest work. David Lewis, chairman of Mindlab International, told The Telegraph, “Music is a very powerful management tool if you want to increase not only the efficiency (效率) of your workforce but also their emotional state... they are going to become more positive about the work.”

However, you may have a list of your favorite songs, but not all kinds of music match all homework. For math or other subjects involving numbers or attention to detail, you should listen to classical music, the study found. In the study, pop music enabled participants to complete their tasks 58% faster than when listening to no music at all. If you are reviewing your English writing, pop music is the best choice, as it is the best kind for spell checking. It cuts mistakes by 14%, compared to listening to no music. After finishing your homework, do you often take time to check your answers? Maybe, some dance music is suitable for you.

8. What did the participants have to do in the study?

A. Advise their parents to listen to music. B. Finish tasks with music or without music.

C. Listen to the same music together. D. Try to choose the most suitable music.

9. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Tools. B. Results. C. Tests. D. Participants.

10. What kind of music is the best choice when you review your English writing?

A. Pop music. B. Rock music. C. Dance music. D. Classical music.

11. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Music in the Classroom B. We Cannot Live Without Music

C. Music Helps Us to Learn D. Different Music, Different Lives

D

An Olympic Village is a place where Olympic competitors prepare for what might be the most important moment in their life. But what really happens in the village?

We asked swimmer Natalie Coughlin, a three-time Olympian and 12-time medalist. She said, “People think its a lot more attractive and interesting than it is. It isnt. Its like a huge college campus, including a bank, a salon, and a huge cafeteria—except that everyone is anxious, getting ready for their biggest event under unbelievably high pressure.”

But some other Olympians looked differently at their campus. “Its like the first day of college,” water polo player Tony Azevedo said. “Everyones meeting people and trying to socialize (交際) with others.”

Coughlin said, “The best spot to be in the village is the cafeteria. Not only does it provide a place to talk with the rest of the athletes from your country, but its a great chance for people-watching.” One of her favorite games was to tell what sport someone in front of her took based on their body type.

Living in the same village means athletes run into one another all the time. Coughlin shared this story: While in London in 2012, at one point applause broke out at the arrival of someone. Coughlin thought it was one of the British royals (王室成员), but it ended up being Jamaicas Usain Bolt (the worlds greatest runner alive). Runner Allyson Felix—a winner of seven gold Olympic medals—also had her run-ins. In 2008, she came across the world-famous US mens basketball team, including Anthony, Bryant, Wade and other top players.

“Its a place where large numbers of people, ideas, and cultures are mixed together,” said swimmer Eric Shanteau. Felix agreed, saying, “You get to meet people from other countries that you wouldnt even come into contact with. To me, thats the coolest thing.”

12. What did Coughlin say about the Olympic villagers?

A. They were very nervous. B. They liked to make friends.

C. They enjoyed the village very much. D. They spent most of their time relaxing.

13. What did Coughlin often do at the cafeteria in the Olympic Village?

A. She spent time with basketball players. B. She tasted food from other countries.

C. She listened to other athletes stories. D. She tried guessing a persons sport.

14. What did both Coughlin and Felix tell us in Paragraph 5?

A. Why Olympians are so popular. B. How they met superstars in the village.

C. Why the Olympic Village is mysterious. D. How they communicated with other players.

15. What attracted Felix most in the Olympic Village?

A. Happy moments with old foreign friends.

B. The competitive atmosphere in the village.

C. The positive influence of the Olympic spirit.

D. Chances to mix with people from around the world.

閱读七选五

How to Make Sure You Enjoy Your Trip

A trip is a planned destination where one arranges in advance in which the main purpose is to search for adventure and to create a memorable moment. Here are the steps on how to make sure your trip is enjoyable.

● Plan it well. Trips are ideally planned for it to go well. _____16_____ A check list is helpful, making sure youve got all your needs.

● Pack necessities. Bring what you need. Trips are short journeys and belong to the sub-level of traveling. Pack only the things you need. _____17_____

● Be safe. To be cautious (谨慎的) is smart. No matter what you are up to, surfing, cliff diving, snowboarding, scuba diving..., it is always recommended to be safe. _____18_____ Dont be stubborn and put yourself in harm when there are precautions (预防措施).

● _____19_____ You may see delays, a different culture, lifestyle, food, and even a shortage of cash sometimes—this is all what travel is about—experiencing things with a new perspective (看法). Once you expect to experience new things, youll be a happy traveler and free from stress.

● Save the memory. _____20_____ This is not one of those regular days so you ought to save the moment. It will make your trip more enjoyable after all that craziness; you get something to review the good times.

A. Travel with an open mind.

B. This is all we expect from a trip.

C. Get prepared for everything new.

D. Catch the moment by taking pictures.

E. It is important to wear protective equipment when necessary.

F. It is easy to get tired if you have too many things in your package.

G. Take your time, a day or a week ahead to make a plan for your trip.

16. ____________  17. ____________  18. ____________  19. ____________  20. ____________ (十)

閱读理解

A

There is an old saying in China that goes, “The days of the Sanjiu Period are the coldest days.” Sanjiu Period, which is in Minor Cold, refers to the third nine-day period (the 19th to the 27th day) after the day of the Winter Solstice (冬至). There are many different customs related to Minor Cold in China.

Eating hotpot

During Minor Cold people should eat some hot food to benefit the body and defend against the cold weather. Winter is the best time to have hotpot and braised mutton with soy sauce (酱油). But it is important to notice that too much spicy food may cause health problems.

Eating huangyacai

In Tianjin, there is a custom to have huangyacai, a kind of Chinese cabbage, during Minor Cold. There are large amounts of vitamins A and B in huangyacai. As huangyacai is fresh and tender, it is fit for frying, roasting and braising.

Eating glutinous rice (糯米饭)

According to tradition, the Cantonese eat glutinous rice in the morning during Minor Cold. Cantonese people add some fried preserved pork, sausages and peanuts and mix them into the rice.

Eating vegetable rice

In ancient times, people in Nanjing took Minor Cold quite seriously, but as time went by, the celebration of Minor Cold gradually disappeared. However, the custom of eating vegetable rice is still followed today. The rice is steamed (蒸) and is unspeakably delicious. Among the ingredients, aijiaohuang (a kind of green vegetable), sausages and salted duck are the specialties in Nanjing.

1. What do we know about Minor Cold?

A. It lasts twenty-seven days. B. It refers to the Winter Solstice.

C. It marks the first day of winter. D. It includes the Sanjiu Period.

2. What is a special custom in Tianjin during Minor Cold?

A. Eating hotpot. B. Buying cabbages.

C. Having huangyacai. D. Taking vitamin A and B pills.

3. How do the Cantonese eat glutinous rice?

A. They mix it with many other things. B. They steam it with soy sauce.

C. They eat it with salted duck. D. They fry and toast it.

B

Leaving everything behind to go after true happiness takes courage, and Sophie Matterson has enough to go around. The 31-year-old enjoyed a good life in Brisbane, Australia, with a job in the TV and film industry, but it didnt make her heart sing. Thats why she decided to try a different path. Now shes trekking (跋涉) across the continent with five camels—and is the happiest shes ever been!

In 2016, Sophie changed jobs and ended up somewhere she never expected: milking camels on a farm in Queensland.

“What I wasnt anticipating was how much I would end up falling in love with these animals,” she wrote. “What was only going to be a six-month break from my ‘real job turned into five years of running after camels around Australia and other parts of the world.”

After taking tourists on camel treks for a while, Sophie decided to have an adventure of her own. She planned out a 5,000-kilometer trip from Shark Bay to Byron Bay before catching and training five wild camels in January 2019. Then she was finally ready to explore her country with Mac, Delilah, Clayton, Jude and Charlie!

As one might imagine, the trip can be lonely at times, but Sophies camels make surprisingly good companions (旅伴).

“Its quite lovely and relaxing camping with camels,” she said. Best of all, she can see great views!

Sophie hopes to arrive in Byron Bay in the next nine months. In the meantime, shell be enjoying every second with her camel friends.

4. Why did Sophie give up her job in the TV and film industry?

A. She lost interest in it. B. She had no courage to carry on.

C. She had to move to another country. D. She was unwilling to leave things behind.

5. What does the underlined word “anticipating” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Trying. B. Believing. C. Discovering. D. Expecting.

6. Where did Sophie get the camels?

A. From some tourists. B. From some friends. C. From the wild. D. From a farm.

7. What word can best describe Sophie?

A. Organized. B. Adventurous. C. Hard-working. D. Warm-hearted.

C

A new study, conducted by British company Mindlab International, has found that listening to music at work increases accuracy (準确) and speed, The Telegraph reported. Perhaps, some parents disagree with this idea, saying, “Switch off the music and concentrate!” Well, if thats the case with your parents, you might now be able to convince (使相信) them that you have science on your side.

The company gave 26 participants a series of different tasks for five days in a row, including spell checking, mathematical word problems, data entry, and abstract reasoning. The participants completed these tasks while listening to music or no music at all.

The results showed that while music was playing, 88% of participants produced their most accurate test results and 81% completed their fastest work. David Lewis, chairman of Mindlab International, told The Telegraph, “Music is a very powerful management tool if you want to increase not only the efficiency (效率) of your workforce but also their emotional state... they are going to become more positive about the work.”

However, you may have a list of your favorite songs, but not all kinds of music match all homework. For math or other subjects involving numbers or attention to detail, you should listen to classical music, the study found. In the study, pop music enabled participants to complete their tasks 58% faster than when listening to no music at all. If you are reviewing your English writing, pop music is the best choice, as it is the best kind for spell checking. It cuts mistakes by 14%, compared to listening to no music. After finishing your homework, do you often take time to check your answers? Maybe, some dance music is suitable for you.

8. What did the participants have to do in the study?

A. Advise their parents to listen to music. B. Finish tasks with music or without music.

C. Listen to the same music together. D. Try to choose the most suitable music.

9. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Tools. B. Results. C. Tests. D. Participants.

10. What kind of music is the best choice when you review your English writing?

A. Pop music. B. Rock music. C. Dance music. D. Classical music.

11. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Music in the Classroom B. We Cannot Live Without Music

C. Music Helps Us to Learn D. Different Music, Different Lives

D

An Olympic Village is a place where Olympic competitors prepare for what might be the most important moment in their life. But what really happens in the village?

We asked swimmer Natalie Coughlin, a three-time Olympian and 12-time medalist. She said, “People think its a lot more attractive and interesting than it is. It isnt. Its like a huge college campus, including a bank, a salon, and a huge cafeteria—except that everyone is anxious, getting ready for their biggest event under unbelievably high pressure.”

But some other Olympians looked differently at their campus. “Its like the first day of college,” water polo player Tony Azevedo said. “Everyones meeting people and trying to socialize (交际) with others.”

Coughlin said, “The best spot to be in the village is the cafeteria. Not only does it provide a place to talk with the rest of the athletes from your country, but its a great chance for people-watching.” One of her favorite games was to tell what sport someone in front of her took based on their body type.

Living in the same village means athletes run into one another all the time. Coughlin shared this story: While in London in 2012, at one point applause broke out at the arrival of someone. Coughlin thought it was one of the British royals (王室成員), but it ended up being Jamaicas Usain Bolt (the worlds greatest runner alive). Runner Allyson Felix—a winner of seven gold Olympic medals—also had her run-ins. In 2008, she came across the world-famous US mens basketball team, including Anthony, Bryant, Wade and other top players.

“Its a place where large numbers of people, ideas, and cultures are mixed together,” said swimmer Eric Shanteau. Felix agreed, saying, “You get to meet people from other countries that you wouldnt even come into contact with. To me, thats the coolest thing.”

12. What did Coughlin say about the Olympic villagers?

A. They were very nervous. B. They liked to make friends.

C. They enjoyed the village very much. D. They spent most of their time relaxing.

13. What did Coughlin often do at the cafeteria in the Olympic Village?

A. She spent time with basketball players. B. She tasted food from other countries.

C. She listened to other athletes stories. D. She tried guessing a persons sport.

14. What did both Coughlin and Felix tell us in Paragraph 5?

A. Why Olympians are so popular. B. How they met superstars in the village.

C. Why the Olympic Village is mysterious. D. How they communicated with other players.

15. What attracted Felix most in the Olympic Village?

A. Happy moments with old foreign friends.

B. The competitive atmosphere in the village.

C. The positive influence of the Olympic spirit.

D. Chances to mix with people from around the world.

阅读七选五

How to Make Sure You Enjoy Your Trip

A trip is a planned destination where one arranges in advance in which the main purpose is to search for adventure and to create a memorable moment. Here are the steps on how to make sure your trip is enjoyable.

● Plan it well. Trips are ideally planned for it to go well. _____16_____ A check list is helpful, making sure youve got all your needs.

● Pack necessities. Bring what you need. Trips are short journeys and belong to the sub-level of traveling. Pack only the things you need. _____17_____

● Be safe. To be cautious (謹慎的) is smart. No matter what you are up to, surfing, cliff diving, snowboarding, scuba diving..., it is always recommended to be safe. _____18_____ Dont be stubborn and put yourself in harm when there are precautions (预防措施).

● _____19_____ You may see delays, a different culture, lifestyle, food, and even a shortage of cash sometimes—this is all what travel is about—experiencing things with a new perspective (看法). Once you expect to experience new things, youll be a happy traveler and free from stress.

● Save the memory. _____20_____ This is not one of those regular days so you ought to save the moment. It will make your trip more enjoyable after all that craziness; you get something to review the good times.

A. Travel with an open mind.

B. This is all we expect from a trip.

C. Get prepared for everything new.

D. Catch the moment by taking pictures.

E. It is important to wear protective equipment when necessary.

F. It is easy to get tired if you have too many things in your package.

G. Take your time, a day or a week ahead to make a plan for your trip.

16. ____________  17. ____________  18. ____________  19. ____________  20. ____________

猜你喜欢

成員旅伴糯米饭
五彩缤纷的糯米饭,可以吃吗?
小年夜里赤豆糯米饭在飘香
你好,你好!
漫画
糯米饭
跟踪导练(一)2
我们是地球旅伴
團隊凝聚力「攻破」目標「城池」的重要力量
假如生活重新开头