Module 3 Literature


时代英语·高二 2022年3期



Sense and sensibility was written by British author Jane Austen. It shows two sisters love experiences and their complicated marriages. The novel offers the contrast between sense and sensibility in a humorous way.

The elder sister, Elinor Dashwood, is the perfect representation of sense. She always refrains (克制) from expressing her emotions, even when she finds out that Edward, her lover, was engaged to another woman. Meanwhile, Marianne Dashwood is the perfect representation of sensibility. She is idealistic. When she is confronted with the disinterest of her lover John Willoughby, Marianne is greatly annoyed.

Besides the themes of sense and sensibility, the novel also shows the status of women in that era. Elinor and Marianne used to live with their parents. But when their father passes away, the familys property is passed down to their fathers son born out of wedlock. The sisters and their mother dont have money and have to rely on their distant relative.

Due to their poor status, Willoughby, Mariannes former lover, eventually marries a woman who does not have as much taste or elegance but who is rich.

The author showed readers the importance of money rather romance in this era. Marriages often depend on the financial situations of either side.

As the story evolves, Elinor and Marianne learn from each other. Marianne learns more self-restraint, and she marries her long-time admirer Colonel Brandon. Elinor is finally able to better express her emotions, and gets married with her lover Edward.

Through their parallel experience of love loss, the sisters learn that sense must mix with sensibility if they are to find personal happiness in a society where status and money govern the rules of love.

1. What is the theme of the novel Sense and Sensibility?

A. Sense should mix with sensibility. B. Status and money govern marriages.

C. Real love is never a selfish emotion. D. There is seldom true love in the real world.

2. What does Paragraph 3 mainly talk about?

A. The sisters family background. B. The rules of love in Austens era.

C. The loss of Dashwoods property. D. Womens social position in Austens era.

3. Which of the following is TRUE about Elinor Dashwood according to the text?

A. She finds her true happiness finally. B. Her lover gets married to a rich woman.

C. Colonel Brandon admires her at first. D. Her sister marries Willoughby in the end.

4. What type of writing is the text?

A. A news report. B. A book review. C. A biography. D. A movie poster.


How to Write a News Article

Writing a news article is different from writing other articles or informational pieces. 1 Knowing how to write a news article can help you exercise your writing skills and convey information clearly and briefly.

Gather all your facts. Before you write a news article, make a list or outline of all the connected facts and information that need to be included in the article. 2 It will help you write a clean, brief article.

Start with the lead. 3 This is one of the most important parts of the piece, so start with the leading statement when you write a news article. Your lead should be one sentence which states the topic of the article.

Give all the important details. The next important step to write news articles is including all the relevant facts and details that relate to your lead statement. 4 These details are important, because they are the key point of the article that fully informs the reader.

5 Be sure to double check all the facts in your news article before you contribute it,  including names, dates, and contact information or addresses. Writing accurately is the best way to make yourself a suitable news article writer.

A. Check facts before concluding.

B. Follow up main facts with additional information.

C. Include the basics of where, when, who, what and why.

D. A leading sentence is to catch readers attention and interest them.

E. Unlike other articles, news articles present information in a specific way.

F. Avoid any statements or description that could be constructed as support or criticism.

G. This list helps prevent you from leaving out any relevant information about the topic or story!

1. ___________   2. __________  3. __________  4. __________  5. __________



Charles Dickens was born in 1812. He was the1of a clerk in a government office. When Charles was still a little boy, his father was sent to prison for debt. In those days, men who2quite small amounts had to stay in3until the debt was paid.

When Charles was 12, he had to work in a factory. The only formal education he4was a two-year schooling at a school for5children. His career as a6of novels began in 1833 with short stories and essays in periodicals (期刊), and in 1837, when he was 25, his short stories were7into the novel The Pickwick Papers, which made him the most8author of his time in England.

Charles Dickens had9of the unhappy life of many poor people. In years of hard work in various10jobs, Charles met many people, young and old, rich and poor, happy and11 . He had unusual energy and unusual powers of observation.

Dickens12were much better or much worse than they would be in real life. The novels of Dickens are13of life, observation and energy, and his own energy seemed14 . Many of his novels drew attention to the15social conditions that existed in England over a hundred years ago.

One of his16novels is A Tale of Two Cities, which was17in 1859. In this novel Dickens gives a vivid description of the French Revolution that broke18in 1789.

His sudden death in 187019thousands of people who were waiting for his next book. Instead, they bought and wept over a picture called The Empty Chair,20the desk and chair that he would no longer use.

1. A. friend B. son C. student D. assistant

2. A. earned B. lost C. owed D. stole

3. A. prison B. school C. hotel D. church

4. A. accepted B. received C. returned D. missed

5. A. normal B. unusual C. disabled D. poor

6. A. reader B. writer C. seller D. critic

7. A. collected B. translated C. adapted D. changed

8. A. interesting B. talented C. popular D. unknown

9. A. experiences B. stories C. times D. materials

10. A. unimportant B. unfair C. unpleasant D. unlucky

11. A. kind B. generous C. old D. sad

12. A. personalities B. characters C. works D. experiences

13. A. full B. short C. typical D. worthy

14. A. limited B. endless C. great D. enough

15. A. ideal B. unsatisfactory C. uncertain D. stable

16. A. famous B. favorite C. latest D. unfinished

17. A. published B. edited C. reviewed D. presented

18. A. in B. down C. out D. up

19. A. struck B. shocked C. terrified D. disappointed

20. A. covering B. suggesting C. supporting D. showing




Bookstores are a travellers best friend—they provide convenient shelter in bad weather, and they often host readings and other cultural events. Here is a look at worlds six greatest bookstores.

Adrian Harrington—since 1971. Rare books; rare first editions; leather bound sets and general antiquarian (古玩).

Address: 64A Kensington Church Street, Kensington, London, England, UK

Another Country—Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany. Another Country is an English Language second hand bookshop which is mostly used as a library. They have about 20,000 books that you can buy or borrow. Some regular events are held at the shop, such as readings, cultural events, social evenings and film nights.

Atlantis Books—Oía, Santorini, Greece. Atlantis Books is an independent bookshop on the island of Santorini, Greece, founded in 2004 by a group of friends from Cyprus, England, and the United States. Throughout the year it has hosted literary festivals, film screenings, book readings, and good old fashioned dance parties.

Barts Books—Ojai, California, USA. “The Worlds Greatest Outdoor Bookstore”, a bookstore founded by Richard Bartinsdale in 1964. Shelves of books face the street, and regular customers are asked to drop coins into the doors coin box to pay for any books they take whenever the store is closed.

10 Corso Como—Milan, Italy. Extensive selection of publication on art, architecture, design, graphics and fashion, along with a strong emphasis on photography. It was founded in 1990 in Milan, Italy, by Carla Sozzani.

The Bookworm—A bookshop, library, bar, restaurant and event space, now with four divisions in three cities—Beijing, Suzhou and Chengdu. The interconnecting rooms with floor-to-ceiling books on every wall are light and airy in summer, yet warm and comfortable in winter.

1. What bookstore has the longest history?

A. Barts Books. B. Adrian Harrington. C. Atlantis Books. D. 10 Corso Como.

2. What can you do in Atlantis Books?

A. Attend a festival. B. Learn photography. C. Enjoy rare books. D. Buy books anytime.

3. How is The Bookworm different from the other bookstores?

A. It is used as a library. B. It focuses on photography.

C. It hosts all sorts of activities. D. It has branches in different cities.


The Road Not Taken is one of Robert Frosts most familiar and popular poems. It is made up of four stanzas (節) of five lines each. The popularity of the poem is largely a result of the simplicity of its symbolism: the speaker must choose between diverging (分叉的) paths in a wood, and he thinks that choice is like choosing between different directions in life. Though it is a simple poem, different people have different interpretations of how the speaker feels about his situation and how the readers view the speaker.

Frost wrote the poem in the first person, which raises the question of whether the speaker is the poet himself or a persona, a character created for the purposes of the poem. According to a biography, Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph by Lawrance Thompson, Frost would often introduce that the speaker was based on his friend Edward Thomas, “A person who, whichever road he went, would be sorry he didnt go the other.”

In the first stanza, the speaker must choose between two paths in different directions. He regrets that he cannot follow both roads, so he pauses for a long while to consider his choice. In this stanza and the next, one road seems preferable; however, in the third stanza he has decided that the two paths are roughly equivalent (相同的). And then he tries to cheer himself up by comforting himself that he will return someday and walk the other road.

In the last part of the poem, however, the speaker realizes that he probably will never return to walk another path. He believes that when he looks back years later, he will see that he had actually chosen the “less traveled” road, which may make a big difference to his life. The poem is entitled “The Road Not Taken”, which implies that he will never stop thinking about the other path he might have followed.

4. Why is the poem The Road Not Taken popular?

A. It is simple to interpret.

B. Its author is the most famous.

C. Its scene is similar to real situations in life.

D. It expresses a kind of mysterious poetic imagery.

5. Who may be the speaker in the poem according to the biography?

A. The poet himself. B. Edward Thomas.

C. Lawrance Thompson. D. An imaginary character.

6. What can we learn about the two paths in the second stanza?

A. Both roads are worth choosing. B. One of the roads seems better.

C. Very few people can choose both roads. D. The two roads are actually the same.

7. How would the speaker feel years later according to the last paragraph?

A. He would keep dreaming of going back.

B. The choice he made changed his life greatly.

C. He had chosen the better one of the two roads.

D. The road not taken could have made him happier.



I was on my cellphone sharing my excitement about the stories we received for a new book about resolutions. When I1my call, my 11-year-old son Bailey asked if he could write a story. I was amazed by his2and asked if he had “resolved” to do something3in his life. His reply4me. He said, “I have resolved to be nicer to younger children.”

Bailey has always been generous with older kids.5 , when it comes to younger kids, he falls6 . He gets angry when they touch his Lego creations or7to understand how to play his video games.

My husband and I have many friends with younger children who8regularly. Each time before they arrive, we tell Bailey how we would9it if he were more patient with the younger kids. He starts out great, but as the night wears on, his patience10out. I found it interesting that he was11making a change.

Later, I12our conversation and realized that Bailey had actually taken action. The last time our friends son, Brayden,13 , Bailey invited him to play with his Legos. Instead of getting angry that Brayden was not14correctly, according to Baileys15 , he allowed him to create his own version of an airplane. When playing video games, instead of telling Brayden he was too16to understand the concept, he gave him an unplugged (没插电的)17and let Brayden believe he was fighting alongside Bailey.

As parents, we often feel as if our18fall on deaf ears, but now I realize that my son has been listening all along. He is19to be a better person and I am20of him.

1. A. expected B. ended C. returned D. answered

2. A. concern B. talent C. request D. belief

3. A. different B. adventurous C. scientific D. enjoyable

4. A. puzzled B. embarrassed C. annoyed D. surprised

5. A. Therefore B. Instead C. However D. Besides

6. A. asleep B. sick C. impatient D. silent

7. A. agree B. fail C. learn D. choose

8. A. visit B. practice C. perform D. debate

9. A. handle B. appreciate C. recognize D. replace

10. A. bursts B. gives C. breaks D. wears

11. A. casually B. successfully C. quickly D. voluntarily

12. A. forgot B. recalled C. started D. stopped

13. A. came over B. gave up C. showed off D. ran away

14. A. writing B. reading C. building D. sitting

15. A. standards B. situations C. memories D. experiments

16. A. weak B. nervous C. busy D. young

17. A. controller B. freezer C. computer D. lamp

18. A. assessments B. achievements C. instructions D. apologies

19. A. pretending B. refusing C. promising D. attempting

20. A. ashamed B. proud C. tired D. afraid



When I was younger, I was addicted to reading. I could get through a whole book in a day, and used to beg my parents every night to let me stay up late so that I could just finish my chapter. From fairy-tales to thrillers, non-fiction to plays, I enjoyed reading any literature that I could get my hands on.

However, while there are many books for younger children, once you reach your mid-teens the choices become limited. I found myself choosing between books for children that were simple and not that interesting, and adult books that I couldnt quite understand.

This lack of choice eventually led me to read less and less. When I was in secondary school, the only books I read were ones we were assigned (分配) in English class, and I was never very enthusiastic about my teachers choices. I thought too much discussion of symbolism and themes ruined the book. Maybe the sky being blue didnt represent anything; maybe it was just a description!

Fortunately, I realized quickly that deciding to go to university meant I had signed up for four years of reading books. I chose a French literature module in my first year. I started out, thinking I wouldnt enjoy any of the works we were studying over the course of the year. However, I soon realized that at a university level, the discussion was more fruitful and I found I had a lot to say! And being able to discuss my thoughts with others meant I could better understand the subtle aspects of the plot: yes, even the symbolism and themes.

I began reading again for pleasure, starting with Malcolm Xs autobiography (自傳) and never looking back. Now, during my year abroad, I spend a lot of my spare time in bookshops and reading in cafes. Im so happy that I rediscovered my love of books.

1. What does the author mainly tell us in Paragraph 1?

A. She used to stay up late at night.

B. She read very fast as a young girl.

C. She loved reading very much in her childhood.

D. She once bought many different kinds of books.

2. Why did the author read less when she was a teenager?

A. She was tired of reading. B. She was busy with her schoolwork.

C. She had no right to choose books herself. D. She found very few suitable books to read.

3. What made the author start reading for pleasure again?

A. A special bookstore abroad. B. A book by Malcolm X.

C. Her reading experiences at university. D. Her professor of French literature.

4. What is the text mainly about?

A. The authors desire to read widely.

B. The ways to form good reading habits.

C. The process of the author picking up reading.

D. The importance of discussing a books theme.


Alfred Nobel was born in Sweden and then in 1842 moved to Russia with his parents,1his father made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry, but unfortunately went bankrupt (破产的) a few years later. Nobel had never been to school2university, but had studied3(private) and became a skillful chemist and excellent linguist,4(speak) Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. Unlike his father, he had better luck in business and showed more5(finance) sense. He was quick to see industrial chances for his scientific inventions and6(build) up over eighty companies in twenty different countries. But his main concern was never with making money or even with making scientific7(discovery). Instead, he was always searching for a8(mean) for life. In 1896, Nobel died in Italy. In his will, he left money9(provide) prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Medicine, Literature and Peace. And so, the man is remembered and respected long10his death.

1.______________2.______________3.______________4. ______________ 5. ______________

6. ______________ 7.______________8.______________9.______________10.______________


Growing up in a small town, J. K. Rowling seems to have led a rather ordinarily life. Many of his former teachers said there was nothing which they could really remember about that girl. After graduated from the University of Exeter as French major in 1987, she went to Portugal and lived there for years. She has worked at various teaching positions after she finally became a full-time writer. Rowling became well known for writing chapter of the first Harry Potter book in a cafe with her baby being sleeping in a carriage beside her. Rowlings books have been translated from more than 55 languages and are available in more than 200 countries.



Which would you rather be, a mathematician or1author? Perhaps you will never 2(face) with this kind of choice. Lewis Carroll was both of them. He was a lecturer in mathematics at Oxford University. But he is3(well) known as the writer of two of the most famous childrens4(book) that have ever been written (Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass). The authors real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, but he5(prefer) to use the pen name “Lewis Carroll” when he wrote, and this is the name we remember him by. Alice in Wonderland,6(publish) in 1865 when the author was 33 years old, was followed by Through the Looking Glass in in 1871.7the books were written for a real girl called Alice and they have been read by millions of children since they were first published. These stories are about a dream world in which Alice8(meet) strange creatures and has9(interest) adventures. Im sure you know this already,10if you dont, youd better read the stories yourselves.

1.________________ 2.______________3.______________4.______________5. ______________

6. ______________ 7. ______________ 8. ______________ 9. ______________ 10. ______________







1﹒词数 100 左右;



Andersen, Father of Fairy Tale


Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish fairy tale writer and poet noted for his childrens stories. These include The Steadfast Tin Soldier, The Snow Queen, The Little Mermaid, Thumbelina, The Little Match Girl, and The Ugly Duckling.

Born in the small town of Odense, Denmark in 1805, Andersens life was not easy. His father was a sickly man and his mother washed clothing for a living. His mother wasnt highly educated, but she introduced Andersen to folklore. This encouraged his love of stories, plays, and the theater at a young age. These hobbies, which were combined with Andersens love of literature, eventually helped him become a famous writer.

Andersen was forced to start working after his father passed away in 1816. For a time, he worked as a tailor, and then in a tobacco factory. At 14, he moved to Copenhagen to become a singer. However, after his voice changed, a director at the Royal Theater arranged for Andersen to go back to school. Andersen began his writing career by writing plays and poems for a local journal.

Then, in 1835, Andersen broke into novel writing with The Improvisator. The plot of this novel is the basis of many of Andersens works. In general, Andersens stories are mostly about a main character who has to face many problems while he or she is pursuing happiness. Despite his success in novel writing, it was childrens tales that eventually brought Hans Christian Andersen fame.






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