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浅析初中英语感叹句型

2020-11-18 08:54:13 速读·下旬 2020年8期

陈荣华

感叹句是中考必考题之一,然而很多学生不能准确而快速地做出来。根据学生情况分析,近年初中语文中很少提及句子结构,也就是句子成份(主,谓,宾,定,状,补)的划分。所以对学生来讲,感叹句的结构What +(a/an)+adj +n+主语+谓语+其他+!。How+ adj/adv+主语+谓语+其他+!绝大部分学生是难以理解的,即使部分同学记得结构,也理解,真正到用时也费时费力,耽误宝贵的时间。

我曾经做过一个简单的测试,(如下)用what .what a .what an .how填空

1.______difficult homework we had yesterday!

2.________cute dog it is!

3.________interesting the story is!

4.________bad the weather in England is!

5.________honest boy Tom is!

6.________tasty smell the cake gave off!

7.________good time we had on the beach yesterday!

8.________exciting news you've brought us!

9.________cool your new car is!

10.________scary these tigers are!

要求学生在十分钟内完成,结果完成率,正确率不到20%。对此,根据多年教学经验,我对感叹句做了如下总结:

形容词后紧跟名词用What引导,单数可数名词加上a或an;形容词、副词后紧跟其他词(如代词,定冠词,人名等)用How引导。

What a clever boy he is!

what delicious food it is

How delicious the food is!

How delicious it is!

经过几分钟的记忆和理解,我又出了类似的题型,(如下)学生的准确率和速度有了显著的提高。

1._____ nice the ice cream looks! I cant wait to taste it.

A. How a

B. How

C.What a

D. What

2.-Steve,did you see the lantern show when you were in Fuzhou?

- Of course! ___________ beautiful lanterns!

A. What

B. How

C. What a

3.-Its said that a foreign English teacher will teach us English next term.

-Wow! ______! We can practice our oral English better.

A. What an excited news

B How excited the news is

C. What exciting news

D. How exciting news

4. --- Dad, do you like my picture?

---_____! Its the nicest one Ive ever seen!

A. What beautiful

B. How careful

C. How wonderful

D. What wonderful picture

5. ______ fine weather today! Why not go out for a walk?

A. What a

B What

C. How

D. How a

6. -How do you like the program The Voice of China?

- ________ amazing program it is! Many people like to watch it.

A. What

B. How an

C. What an

D. How

7. ______ clever the boy is!

A. How

B. What

C. What a

8.______great picture! Who painted it?

A. How

B What

C. How a

D.What a

當然,这只是我针对初中层面,对感叹句的一点看法和理解,如有不足之处,还请各位批评指正。