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Unit 7 How much are these socks?

2019-09-03

时代英语·初中 2019年4期
关键词:及物动词画线副词

本单元网络知识

重点知识园地

Section A

1. How much is this T-shirt?

这件T恤多少钱?

how much用来询问物品价格。如:

How much is this bike?

这辆自行车多少钱?

① how much还可用来询问数量多少,但后面多跟不可数名词。如:

How much milk do you have every day?

你每天喝多少牛奶?

② how much还可用来询问程度的深浅。如:

How much do you love your school?

你有多热爱你的学校呢?

2. —Can I help you?

您想买点什么吗?

—Yes , please.

是的,劳驾。

(1)这是购物时常用的交际用语。在服务场所,工作人员见到顾客时说Can I help you?/May I help you? 有时也可说What can I do for you?

(2)help作动词,意为“帮忙;帮助”,其常用结构及用法如下:

① help (to) do sth帮助做某事,不定式符号to可以省略。如:

Could you help (to) open the window?

你能帮忙打开窗户吗?

② help sb (to) do sth意为“帮助某人做某事”。如:

He often helps me (to) study English.

他经常帮助我学习英语。

③ help sb with sth意为“帮助某人做某事”或“在……方面帮助某人”。如:

You can help me with my English.

你可以幫我学习英语。

3. I need a sweater for school.

我需要一件上学穿的毛衣。

need v. 需要

Do you need any help?

你需要帮忙吗?

I dont need your money, thanks.

谢谢,我不需要你的钱。

need... for... 需要……去做……

We need some color paper for the next art class.

下一节美术课我们需要一些彩纸。

4. It looks nice.

它看起来很漂亮。

look v. 看;看上去

She looks at me and smiles.

她看着我,笑了。

He looks very tired.

他看起来很疲惫。

注意:sth + look + adj. 结构中,look 表示“看起来;看上去”,后面接形容词。

比较:look和see的区别

look为不及物动词,强调“看”的动作;see为及物动词,强调“看”的结果。

5. Ill take it.

我买下了。

take v. 买下;拿;取

Ill take the grey jacket.

我要买下那件灰色的夹克衫。

I forget to take my bag with me when I go to school.

上学的时候我忘了拿包。

活学活用

选择合适的选项替换句中画线部分。

( ) 1. Can I help you?

A. What about B. What are

C. Can I go with D. What can I do for

( ) 2. This pencil box is nice. Ill take it.

A. like B. sell

C. buy D. bring

( ) 3. Lets have a look at your watch.

A. see B. look

C. look at D. find out

Grammar Focus

基数词

基数词是用来表示数目,或者表示数量的词。最基本的基数词如下表:

基数词的构成:

① 1—12的构成为独立单词。

② 13—19的构成都以后缀-teen结尾,但thirteen,fifteen,eighteen为不规则变化。

③ 20—90的构成都以后缀-ty结尾,但twenty,thirty,forty,eighty为不规则变化。

④ 21—99的构成是在十位数和个位数之间加连字符。如: 25 twenty-five。

⑤ 三位数101—999的构成要注意百位数和十位数(个位数)之间用and连接,如:251 two hundred and fifty-one;901 nine hundred and one。

活学活用

把下列数字或句子翻译成英文。

4. 57

5. 109

6. 258

7. 这双鞋子二十美元。

.

8. 这件紫色的衬衫只需要四十五美元。

.

Section B

1. Come and buy your clothes at our great sale!

我们在大甩卖,快来买衣服吧!

(1)come的用法

作不及物动词时,意为“来;来到”,后接动词不定式作状语,即come to do sth“来做某事”。come的反义词是go,后接地点名词时,需加介词to;若后接地点副词时,则要省略介词to。如:

He comes to school early every day.

他每天很早来上学。(school是地点名词)

Please come here before 10:00.

请10点前来这儿。(here是地点副词)

(2)buy的用法

作及物动词,意为“买;购买”,后接名词或代词作宾语。如:

I want to buy some apples.

我想买点苹果。

buy后接双宾语,即用于buy sb sth或buy sth for sb结构,意为“给某人买某物”。如:

My mother buys me new clothes every year.

=My mother buys new clothes for me every year.

我妈妈每年都给我买新衣服。

(3)sale n. 卖;出售

sale表示“销售;出售”;我们在一些小店里常看到写有“On Sale”的牌子,表示该物品“降价出售”。

2. We sell all our clothes at very good prices.

我们卖的所有服装价格都很优惠。

(1)sell v. 卖;销售

I want to know if you sell football or not.

我想知道你们有没有足球卖。

sell at 以……价格卖(at后常跟价格)

The store sells the coat at 200 yuan.

这家店的外套卖200元。

(2)price n. 价格

He sells that book at a cheap price.

他以便宜的价格出售那本书。

at the price of 以……价格

英汉互译

1. clothes store

2. at very good prices

3. for boys

4. in purple

5. a pair of

6. 這件T恤衫多少钱?

—______ ______ is this T-shirt?

七美元。

—Its seven ______ .

7. 我需要(买)一件上学穿的毛衣。

I ______ a sweater ______ ______ .

8. 我买下了。

Ill ______ ______ .

9. 快来买衣服吧,我们的服装店大减价了!

Come and ______ your clothes at our ______ ______!

10. 我们有女孩穿的紫色裙子,仅售20美元。

______ ______ , we have skirts ______ ______ ______

only $20.

连词成句

1. $30, yellow, the, also, shoes, are

.

2. are, how, much, pens, the

3. do, what, you, color, want

4. you, bags, sports, need, do, for

5. for, sell, 30, we, pants, only

.

用所给词的适当形式填空

1. How much ____ (be) the two shirts?

2. The shirt is 20 ____ (dollar).

3. You can buy the ____ (trouser) for only fifty yuan.

4. I have two ____ (pair) of shoes.

5. These red ____ (box) are my friends.

单项选择

( ) 1. The store sells sweaters ___ a very good price. We can buy one ___ 40 yuan.

A. in; at B. on; for

C. at; on D. at; for

( ) 2. —Where do you ___ the backpack?

—Mr. Cools Clothes store. Its ___ sale.

A. sell; on B. sell; for

C. buy; For D. buy; on

( ) 3. —Come and see the blue sweaters.

—I dont like them. I like ___ red ones.

A. this B. those

C. they D. that

( ) 4. —How much ___ the skirt?

—___ 50 yuan.

A. is; Its B. are; Theyre

C. is; Theyre D. are; Its

( ) 5. —Lets ___ to the clothes store and ___ a T-shirt.

—Sounds good.

A. goes; buy B. goes; to buy

C. go; buy D. go; to buy

按要求完成句子

1. My red skirt is 20 dollars.(對画线部分提问)

____  ____ is your red skirt?

2. She wants a sweater.(对画线部分提问)

____ does she want?

3. John has three black jackets.(改为一般疑问句)

____ John ____ three black jackets?

4. Can I help you?(改为同义句)

____ can I ____ for you?

5. He likes the pants in the store.(改为否定句)

He ____ ____ the pants in the store.

能力提升

完形填空

My name is Rebecca. Im  American girl. I am a student in New York with my parents and my sister. My mother works at a store next to my . Every day students in our school go to the store to  things.

In the , my mother goes to the store. She sells things like food, school things and clothes. She stays (待) at the store from morning  evening. She has  at the store. And at seven in the evening she goes home to have dinner with us.

It is Sunday. I  to the store. They have some things on sale. They have  in red, black and yellow. They are only $15. I think the price is good,  I take a small one in red for myself and a  one in white for my sister. I really like these skirts.

( ) 1. A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

( ) 2. A. room B. classroom C. school D. library

( ) 3. A. buy B. sell C. take D. want

( ) 4. A. evening B. afternoon C. noon D. morning

( ) 5. A. with B. to C. after D. of

( ) 6. A. lunch B. breakfast C. dinner D. supper

( ) 7. A. go B. see C. help D. need

( ) 8. A. shoes B. shorts C. socks D. skirts

( ) 9. A. or B. after C. so D. but

( ) 10. A. long B. big C. short D. right

( ) 11. How much is a kilo of meat now?

A. Ten yuan. B. Forty yuan.

C. Thirty yuan. D. Fifteen yuan.

( ) 12. What doesnt Mom buy?

A. Vegetables. B. Fish.

C. Hamburgers. D. Chicken.

( ) 13. Uncle Lees favorite food is ___ .

A. fish B. chicken

C. hamburgers D. vegetables

( ) 14. My favorite fruit is ___ .

A. apples B. bananas

C. oranges D. peaches

( ) 15. What time do they go home?

A. At 5:15. B. At 4:45.

C. At 5:45. D. At 6:00.

选词填空

阅读短文,从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空(每词限用一次)。

need price some only sale

pair have color healthy sure

Welcome to Puppys Home. We  food and clothes for dogs. The dog food is good and , and it is not expensive (昂贵的). It is  twenty dollars for a bag. We are  that your dog loves it. For clothes, we have T-shirts, sweaters, shorts and skirts in many (许多) . They are very nice. And there are clothes on  every weekend. Please bring (带) your dog here and buy . Do you  shoes for your dog? We have shoes too. We sell them at very good . They are eight dollars for a pair and fifteen dollars for two . Come to our store now!

补全对话(有两项多余)

A: Can I help you?

B: Yes, please.        1

A: Come and look at these T-shirts. They are for boys.

B: This one is nice.        2

A: 138 yuan.

B: Oh, its dear.

A:        3        Its only 60 yuan.

B: Good. Well, this one is too long for my son.        4

A: Yes. Here is a short one.

B: OK, thanks.

A:        5

A. Youre welcome.

B. How much is it?

C. Do you like the color?

D. What about this one?

E. Do you have a short one?

F. I need a T-shirt for my son.

G. I want to go shopping with my son.

1.               2.               3.               4.               5.

书面表达

假设“Jinling Hat Store”正在举办促销活动。请你根据下表信息,为该店写一则广告。

提示詞:welcome, on sale, only

要求:

1.语句通顺、语意连贯、语法正确;

2.包含表格所有信息,并可适当发挥;

3.不少于60词(开头已给出,不计入总词数)。

Jinling Hat Store Is On Sale!

Welcome to Jinling Hat Store.

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