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英语学习者面临的三大难题

2019-05-09李明娟

中学生英语·阅读与写作 2019年4期
关键词:英语书流利字典

李明娟

Learning English is not an easy job for many people. They have to overcome lots of challenges on the way to be a good English learner. Here are three biggest challenges you should pay more attention to.

學习英语对许多人来说不是一件容易的事。在成为一名优秀英语学习者的过程中,他们必须克服许多困难。下面是你应该多加注意的三大难题:

1. Developing a passion1 for learning English

1. 培养学习英语的热情

All English learners would like to speak English well. They are excited at the idea of being able to communicate in English fluently. However, they usually dont care about the learning process itself. For most learners, learning English is a duty—something that they have to, but dont want to do. They dont see pleasure in learning English.

所有的英语学习者都想说一口流利的英语。他们一想到能流利地用英语交流就感到兴奋。然而,他们通常不关心学习过程本身。对大多数学习者来说,学习英语是一个必须要完成但又不想去做的任务。他们找不到学习英语的乐趣。

In short, most learners would like to speak English well but dont like to be learning English. This is the first and biggest problem facing an English learner, because a person who doesnt like to learn English will not learn it well. If you dont love English, English wont love you back!

简而言之,大多数学习者都想说一口流利的英语,但又不想学。这是英语学习者面临的第一个也是最大的问题,因为不喜欢学习英语的人学不好英语。如果你不爱英语,英语就不会爱你!

If you want to become a successful learner, you need to like the learning process itself. You need to treat time spent on English as time for pleasure and relaxation2. For example, you need to enjoy:

如果你想成为一个成功的学习者,就要喜欢学习过程本身。要把花在英语上的时间当作娱乐和放松的时间。例如,你需要好好享受(以下几点):

Reading English sentences and thinking about their structure3;

读英语句子并思考其结构;

Learning new words from a dictionary;

从字典中学新词;

Writing a correct English sentence by consulting4 dictionaries, grammar guides, and the Web;

通过查阅字典、语法指南和网络,写出正确的英语句子;

Practising the pronunciation of English sounds and words.

练习英语语音和单词发音。

Ideally5, learning English should be your hobby. You should think of yourself as an English learner—a person who has chosen learning English as one of their favorite activities.

在理想情况下,学习英语应该成为你的爱好。你应该把自己看作一个英语学习者——选择将学习英语作为最喜欢的活动之一。

2. Making the first change to ones life

2. 做出人生的第一个改变

The decision to learn English requires changes in your life. For example, deciding that one will read a book in English for 30 minutes every day and keeping to that decision. Its very difficult to make a small, but permanent6 change to your life, especially if learning English doesnt seem “fun”. However, learners should remember that studying English for 15 minutes every day gives you much better results than studying for a whole day once a month.

决定学习英语需要改变你的生活。例如,决定每天读30分钟英语书,并坚持下去。对生活做一个小而持久的改变很难,尤其是学英语似乎不太“有趣”。然而,学习者应该记住,每天学习15分钟英语比每个月学习一整天的效果要好得多。

3. Making further changes to ones life

3. 進一步改变自己的生活

While the first change is the most difficult, each subsequent7 one is hard, too. A lot of learners take the first step (e.g. they start reading a book in English every day) and stop there. They do not engage8 in other English-building activities.

虽然第一次改变是最困难的,但随后的每一次也很难。很多学习者迈出了第一步(例如,他们开始每天读英语书),然后就停在那里,不再参与其他英语学习活动了。

A good learner will have a set of activities (reading, watching TV, practising pronunciation, listening to recordings, etc.) and choose from that set according to his or her mood. One activity is not good enough, because 1 you get bored more quickly, and 2 it gives you a range9 of language skills that is too narrow. For example, reading in English cant improve your pronunciation, although it can improve your grammar, vocabulary, reading comprehension10, and writing skills.

好的学习者会安排一系列的活动(阅读、看电视、练习发音、听录音等),并根据自己的心情从中来挑选。单个活动不够好是因为:第一,你会很快感到无聊;第二,它让你学习的语言技能范围变得太窄了。例如,英语阅读虽然可以提高你的语法、词汇、阅读理解和写作技巧,但无法提高你的发音水平。

Think about how to take up those three challenges and youll make a great progress in your English study.

多思考如何应对这三大难题,你的英语学习会取得显著进步。

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