时代英语·高二 2017年4期


Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticism from coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessive amount of anxiety or stress for young athletes. Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychological and research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as dropping or quitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.

The early years of development are critical years for learning about oneself. The sport setting is one where valuable experiences can take place. Young athletes can, for example, learn how to cooperate with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives. Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents and coaches criticisms to heart and find a flaw (缺陷) in themselves.

Coaches and parents should also be cautious that youth sport participation does not become work for children. The outcome of the game should not be more important than the process of learning the sport and other life lessons. In todays youth sport setting, young athletes may be worrying more about who will win instead of enjoying themselves and the sport. Following a game, many parents and coaches focus on the outcome and find fault with youngsters performances. Positive reinforcement (強化) should be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivates and has a greater effect on learning than criticism. Again, criticism can create high levels of stress, which can lead to burnout.

1. How can we prevent the burnout of young athletes?

A. By training them more often.

B. By reducing their mental stress.

C. By making sports less competitive.

D. By increasing their sense of success.

2. Why is sport positive for young people?

A. It can help them learn more about society.

B. It enables them to find flaws in themselves.

C. It can provide them with valuable experiences.

D. It teaches them how to set realistic goals for themselves.

3. What counts most for the youth to play sports?

A. The outcome of the game.

B. The criticism of the coaches.

C. The process of learning the sport.

D. The friendship with their teammates.

4. Whats the authors purpose of writing the passage?

A. To teach young athletes how to avoid burnout.

B. To persuade young children not to worry about criticism.

C. To stress the importance of positive reinforcement to children.

D. To discuss the skill of combining criticism with encouragement.



1. 见面时的问候方式;

2. 对赞美的回答方式;

3. 接收礼物时的回应方式;

4. 餐宴礼节。


1. 词数100左右;

2. 信的开头和结尾已写好,不计入总词数;

3. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯。

Dear Jane,

Glad to hear from you and youre welcome to China in November.










I hope whats mentioned above might be helpful and wish you a good journey.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua