高中生学习·高三版 2014年3期


One day over lunch, I explained to a group of boys that my father was a prince.

“My grandfather, hes a chief. Its sort of like the king of the tribe, you know ... like the Indians. So that makes my father a prince. Hell take over when my grandfather dies.”

“What about after that?” one of my friends asked, “I mean, will you go back and be a prince?”

“Well... if I want to, I could. Its sort of complicated, see, because the tribe is full of warriors. Like Obama... that means ‘Burning Spear. The men in our tribe all want to be chief, so my father has to settle these before I can come.”

As the words flew out of my mouth, I felt the boys changed attitudes towards me, more curious and familiar when we bumped into each other in the class, a part of myself even began to believe the story. But another part of me knew that what I was telling them was a lie, something Id constructed from the information Id picked up from my mother. However, after a week of staying with my father in the flesh, I had decided that I preferred his more distant image in my mind, an image I could change or ignore when convenient. If my father hadnt exactly disappointed me, he remained something unknown, something grand and threatening.

My mother had felt my anxiety as the days of his arrival drawing near—I suppose her the same, from her efforts to prepare the apartment wed rented for him, she would try to assure me that the reunion would go smoothly. She told that she had stayed a correspondence (通信) with him throughout the time we had been separated, she explained, and he knew all about me. Like her, my father had remarried, and I now had five brothers and one sister living in Kenya. He had been in a bad car accident, and this trip was part of his recovery after a long stay in the hospital.

“You two will become great friends,” she decided.

1. Other boys changed attitudes towards me because .

A. they were more curious and familiar

B. I told a lie to them which made them respect me

C. my father was a prince and I would be a prince, too

D. I was friendly to them and made friends with them finally

2. It can be inferred from the text that .

A. my parents had been divorced

B. father had an accident on the way to meet us

C. my father and I would surely become good friends

D. I would go back to hometown and become a prince

3. The underlined phrase “bumped into” in Para. 5 means “ ”.endprint

A. came across B. crashed into

C. stared at D. talked with

4. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. This reunion was specially planned by father.

B. Father was not what I had always thought in my brain.

C. It was a long time since father and mother kept in touch.

D. I was unwilling to see my father because he abandoned us.


Dollar “value meals” at fast food restaurants may not be such a bargain when you look at the potential health costs.

Many of these low-cost menu items are packed with fat, salt, cholesterol(胆固醇) and processed meat, notes The Cancer Project, a non-profit cancer prevention organization. The group has produced a list of what it says are the five unhealthiest items sold at the nations largest fast food chains.

The organizations dieticians reviewed so-called value menus at five of the largest fast food chains in the nation, awarding points for such unhealthy characteristics as sodium(钠), fat and low-fiber content. Jack in the Boxs junior bacon cheeseburger topped the list as the worst offender. The burger costs just one dollar but is packed with 23 grams of fat, including 8 grams of saturated fat, 55 milligrams of cholesterol and 860 milligrams of sodium and just one gram of fiber.

The Cancer Project is affiliated with the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, which aggressively promotes a low-fat, vegetarian diet. The organizations list was spurred in part by a concern that during tough economic times, more people will resort to eating inexpensive fast foods, said Krista Haynes, a dietitian with the project.

A spokeswoman for Jack in the Box said that the junior bacon cheeseburger is a “great value” but that diners may also choose from healthier options, like salads and a fruit cup. Theyre more expensive, however: an entrée salad with grilled chicken strips is $4.99, and a fruit cup is $2.29.

“Our guests can also customize their order, so if youre dining on a budget you have a lot of choices at Jack in the Box,” said Kathleen Anthony, media relations manager at Jack in the Box.

The least-worst item was the Wendys junior bacon cheeseburger, for $1.53, with 310 calories and 16 grams of fat.

Being overweight can increase the risk for diabetes(糖尿病) and heart disease, and the American Cancer Society recommends limiting high-fat foods, which are associated with an increased risk of certain cancers, and eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.endprint

But Alice H. Lichtenstein, director of the cardiovascular nutrition laboratory at Tufts University in Boston, questioned whether the declining economy would have much effect on peoples eating habits.

“It would be nice if they decided it was better for their budget to start preparing food at home more often,” she said.

5. Which of the following could increase more risk for certain cancers?

A. low fiber B. high fat

C. low sodium D. high cholesterol

6. We know from the passage that the Cancer Project .

A. thinks highly of the low cost of fast food

B. recommends eating limited amount of fruits and vegetables

C. is attached to a non-government organization

D. is strongly for limiting high-fat food

7. Which of the following statements is true, according to the passage?

A. Wendy is the name of a fast-food chain.

B. Lichtenstein is the spokesperson of Jack in the Box.

C. Burger King is a kind of biscuit.

D. Anthony prefers to eat fast food

8. Which is the best title to this passage?

A. Fast Food Can Kill

B. Good Value for Money

C. High Price of Cheap Eats D. Stay Away From Fast Food


Junk food is all around us. Were eating too much of it. Most of us know what were doing and yet we do it anyway.

So heres a suggestion offered by two researchers at the Rand Corporation: Why not take a lesson from alcohol control policies and apply them to where food is sold and how its displayed?

“Many policy measures to control obesity (肥胖) assume that people consciously and rationally choose what and how much they eat and therefore focus on providing information and more access to healthier foods,” note the two researchers.

“In contrast,” the researchers continue, “many regulations that dont assume people make rational choices have been successfully applied to control alcohol, a substance—like food—of which immoderate consumption leads to serious health problems.”

The research references studies of peoples behavior with food and alcohol and results of alcohol restrictions, and then lists five regulations that the researchers think might be promising if applied to junk foods. Among them:

Density restrictions(密度限制): licenses to sell alcohol arent handed out unplanned to all comers but are allotted(分配) based on the number of places in an area that already sell alcohol. These make alcohol less easy to get and reduce the number of psychological cues to drink.endprint

Similarly, the researchers say, being presented with junk food stimulates our desire to eat it. So why not limit the density of food outlets, particularly ones that sell food rich in empty calories? And why not limit sale of food in places that arent primarily food stores?

Display and sales restrictions: California has a rule prohibiting alcohol displays near the cash registers in gas stations, and in most places you cant buy alcohol at drive-through facilities. At supermarkets, food companies pay to have their wares in places where theyre easily seen. One could remove junk food to the back of the store and ban them from the shelves at checkout lines. The other measures include restricting portion sizes, taxing and prohibiting special price deals for junk foods, and placing warning labels on the products.

9. What is the authors opinion on junk food?

A. We should give up eating such kind of food.

B. Its popular because it is good for our health.

C. Its temptation is too strong for people to resist.

D. The government should ban the sale of junk food.

10. What do the Rand researchers think about the policy measures to control obesity?

A. They should be carried out effectively.

B. They provide misleading information.

C. They are based on wrong assumptions.

D. They help people make rational choices.

11. If density restrictions are put into practice, what positive effect will they produce?

A. People cannot get any kind of junk food or alcohol.

B. No stores are willing to sell alcohol or junk food.

C. Alcohol and junk food will get more and more expensive.

D. Hard access can cut down customers desire to drink.

12. What is the general guideline the Rand researchers suggest about junk food control?

A. Guiding people to make rational choices about food.

B. Enhancing peoples awareness of their own health.

C. Borrowing ideas from alcohol control measures.

D. Resorting to economic, legal and psychological means


Not long ago, in the enrollment notification of Henan University, the EMS mailmen put advertisement flyers in the mails including oll ad, glass ad, the ad of Postal Savings Bank of China... The university protested: it would affect the image of our university when the students receive our mails with ads. The officials of kaifeng postal services said, “It is just some temporary workers who did that.”endprint

The temporary workers again!

Speaking of them, people are reminded of the city inspectors violent law enforcement incident in Yanan, Shangxi Province in June, 2013. In this incident, six or seven men wearing city inspectors uniforms snatched a dealers bike on the sidewalk and then beat a man until he fell on the ground. Then a strong city inspector jumped off the ground and landed his feet on the bleeding mans head. The latter couldnt stand up. After the video of this brutality was posted online, the public got angry. The urban management bureau of Yan an city responded to the incident: 4 official leaders and the temporary workers who beat the dealer have been suspended.

Netizens were not happy about this decision after it was reported. Actually, the penalty decision of the “violent law enforcement incident” attracted peoples attention more than the incident itself: the bureau used “temporary workers” as its shield.

Recently, temporary workers were blamed for a lot of things and the penalty decisions were the same: the culprits were all just temporary workers. And they took all faults on behalf of their department. This really worries people that all the government departments try to use this method to deal with their problems.

Technically, legally speaking, “temporary worker” doesnt exist. However, temporary worker does exist in our society. We dont pick on the temporary workers. But we do pick on people who use them as scapegoats.

13. Who put the advertisements flyers in the enrollment notifications of Henan University according to the officials of kaifeng postal?

A. The teachers of Henan University.

B. The people who make those advertisements.

C. The officials of KaiFeng Postal Service.

D. Some temporary workers of KaiFeng Postal Service.

14. Whats the attitude of the netizens towards the city inspectors violent law enforcement incident in Yanan?

A. Supportive B. Doubtful

C. Angry D. Peaceful

15. Why did the temporary workers take all faults on behalf of their partment?

A. They were willing to take all faults.

B. They were blamed for the faults directly.

C. Their senior leaders used them as scapegoats.

D. The law ordered them to do so.

16. Does “temporary worker” exist in our society according to the law?

A. Yes. It exists in our society.

B. The text doesnt mention it.

C. It is supposed to exist.endprint

D. No, it doesnt exist.


Once upon a time,there was a wonderful old man who loved everything on the land-animals and plants.

One day while walking through the woods, the old man found a cocoon(茧) of a butterfly. He took it home. A few days later,a small opening appeared;he sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it struggled(挣扎) to force its body through that little hole. Then it seemed to stop making any progress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it could and it could go no farther. Then the man decided to help the butterfly, so he took a pair of scissors and cut the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then came out easily.

But it had a swollen(肿胀的) body and small,shriveled(枯萎的)wings. The man continued to watch the butterfly because he expected that,at any moment,the wings would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body,or they would be smaller. Neither happened! In fact,the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling(蠕动) around with a swollen body and shriveled wings. It never was able to fly.

What the man in his kindness and hurry did not understand was that the struggle required for the butterfly to get through the tiny opening was natures way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it would be ready for flight once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon.

Sometimes struggles are exactly what we need in our life. If we were allowed to go through our life without any difficulties,it would cripple us. We would not be as strong as what we could have been. And we could never fly.

17.The old man cut the cocoon in order to .

A.kill the butterfly with the butterfly

C.make the butterfly come out easily

D.have the butterfly fly

18.The reason why the butterfly could not fly is that .

A.the old man broke its wings was too small

C.newly born butterflies cant fly came out of its cocoon without enough struggle

19.What can we know from the passage?

A.The old man realized his mistake.

B.It was the old man that stopped the butterfly flying.

C.That old man was fond of everything except the butterfly.

D.Its not hard for the butterfly to come out of the cocoon.

20.What does the author want to tell us by writing the passage?

A.We should help others.

B.Without others help we can still succeed.

C.Struggles in our life can make us stronger.

D.Butterflies can fly without peoples help.endprint


Crying Foul